What does it look like when the head of the Roman Catholic Church, the man in Saint Peter’s seat, is also one of the most profound and prolific systematic theologians of our age? It looks like now. That is precisely the situation with Joseph Ratzinger, now Pope Benedict XVI. I’m not a Catholic, but you don’t have to be to appreciate his work. Ratzinger has gotten an unfair reputation for being a pit bull, but in reality this is a liberal reaction to his being a faithful Catholic. He was, for years, the head of the CDF, the theological watchdog of the RCC; but in his writing we see him as a servant of his Lord and his Lord’s Church. I’ve previously highlighted some comments from his excellent little book Eschatology, which is well worth your read. I’m currently working my way through his Introduction to Christianity, which is an extended meditation on the Apostle’s Creed. Some highlights:
…the apparent liberation of love and its conversation into a matter of impulse mean the delivery of man to the autonomous powers of sex and Eros, to whose merciless slavery he falls victim just when he is under the illusion that he has freed himself. When he eludes God, the gods put out their hands to grasp him. (114)
What prose! What wonderful use of irony, and how true! Watch TV for ten minutes and tell me that the whole generation under 40 is not under the hands of “sex and Eros” under the guise of “liberated” love. Seeking to free ourselves,we have, like Icarus, been too care-free and are in danger of falling to our deaths.
On the “Historical” Jesus…
For my part I must confess that, quite apart from the Christian faith and simply from my acquaintance with history, I find it preferable and easier to believe that God became man than that such a conglomeration of hypotheses represents the truth. (215)
This is Ratzinger’s take on the thrust of historical Jesus research, which purports to explain how a failed Messiah, Jesus, was gradually transformed into the Christ of faith that the modern, rationalist mind can neither comprehend nor tolerate. The more I read and reflect on the phenomenon, the more I loathe the whole historical Jesus project. As Ratzinger points out, one cannot neatly separate the man Jesus from the office of Christ, the figure of history from the Son who is worshiped in faith. His conclusion shows the absurdity of this “quest” with great humor and precision.
On Obama (?)…
Hope would become utopianism if its goal were only man’s own product. (242)
This is not entirely fair. I admit this up front; this book was written well before Obama was even a presidential candidate. Here he is speaking of how Christian faith looks out in hope – not simply thinking back to a fantastic origin – but forward to a blessed future for the whole cosmos. We have hope because of what God has revealed in Jesus Christ, not because of our own capacities, ideas, and projects.
That said, I connected this with Obama because of the clever and effective use by his staff of the word ‘hope’. I’m not surprised that an increasingly secularized, de-Christianed country went for this. If Marx and his followers have taught us anything, it is that people want hope by the bushel, just leave God out of it. (Marx has, at his core, an eschatology much like Christianity: the view of a perfect future of peace and justice. Unfortunately for Marx, the materialist, bereft of God, must accomplish this future of his own accord.)
I was, and continue to be disturbed, however, that so many Christians bought into the President’s rhetoric of ‘hope’. We witnessed a political usurpation – a hijacking – of a theological virtue, and many of us simply cheered without a second thought. But as Ratzinger rightly points out, ‘hope’ without reference to Jesus Christ is a void; it is no hope at all; it can only tend towards the meaningless entropy of utopian fantasy.
Liberal Christians excoriated the Christian Right for taking religious cues for their visions of “family values” and morality, and in general, for blurring the lines between politics and faith. But liberal Christians have seemed unable to stop themselves from making the exact same play now that it is their turn to call the shots. Alas, more sweet irony.
Enough ranting. Read some Ratzinger…you’ll be glad you did.